School Finance Management: Your Guide to K-12 Finances (2023)

School Finance Management: Your Guide to K-12 Finances (1)Funding for K-12 schools has faced financial challenges for decades. Federal funding for US schools was on a steady decline whentheAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009was implemented. Even with an infusion of billions of dollars, schools continue to struggle.

States and school districts have had to learnhow to create effective school finance management plans. It isn't an easy task for school districts strapped for cash and experiencing budget cuts.

School financial offices aren't only tasked with balancing budgets. They also must manage and approve contracts, ensure vendors are paid in a timely manner and oversee asset management.

States have academic standards they are obligated to meet. When schools are underfunded, it becomes an upward climb to ensure student success. With school choice, individual schools are subject to decreased funding as students withdraw and enroll in charter and private schools.

Are you interested in learning more about school finance management for K-12 schools? Keep reading to learn more as we walk through financial management in public schools.

  • The Role of School Principals in School Finance Management
  • How to Get Communities to Buy In

  • How to Manage School Finances Effectively

  • How Does Equity and Adequate Education Impact School Finances?

  • Placing Core Educational Services First

The Role of School Principals in School Finance Management

School districts operate differently around the country, and each has its own rules on who is responsible for the distribution of funds. In more cases than not, once those funds are distributed to the school, the school principal plays a big part in howmoney is spent.

Therole of a school principal in financial management is bigger than most people may think. Look at schools as micro-businesses or departments operating within silos. Principals are competingforbudget dollars, headcounts and control overthedirection of their school.

The school district determines how much money is allocated to schools. In most states, the allocation of funds is based on per-student amounts. Additional funding is given to schools with high student populations coming from low-income neighborhoods. Other schools get increased funding for hosting magnet programs.

School principals have four primary dutiesunder school finance management.

Create a Budget for Their School

Consider it a budget within a budget within a budget. States distribute funds to school districts. The districts create a budget and divvy money to its schools. The principal is then charged with setting a budget for their location.

The district sets the guidelines on how funds are allocated. There are items a principal can include in their budget, and things they cannot.

School budgets must get approval from the district's accounting office.

An effective budget is one driven by obtainable action items geared towards the success of the students and staff. If the principal is acting as the CEO of a business, they understand their overall success is dependent on reaching the school's overall objectives, paired with state objectives.

(Video) School Finance Explained

The shareholders are the taxpayers and when the school fails it's a sign of poor or ineffective leadership. Therefore, a principal is held to a high standard and can get reassigned or demoted at the discretion of their superiors.

Manage Teacher Salaries

How much flexibility a principal has when it comes to teacher salaries is dependent upon how the school district operates. Some districts have pay scales, while some have set percentage ranges based on evaluation levels. In most cases, the principal has set standards on how much of the budget is allotted to teacher salaries.

Oftentimes, some school personnel falls under the budget of different departments. For example, school maintenance personnel are under building maintenance and assigned to various schools. The same can apply to administrative staff.

Principals still play a role in the evaluation process which impacts the district's overall payroll budgets.

Oversee Fundraising Activities

As schools look for creative ways to stretch their budgets, fundraising remains a high priority. Without it, many clubsand extra-curricular activities would suffer tremendously or cease operation.

Principals are hired to run schools, not to become the creator, organizer and collector of fundraisers. What ends up happening is schools rely on Parent Teacher Associations (PTA) and booster clubs to fundraise.

Although students, clubsand sports teams are the driving force behind bringing in revenue, the principal is responsible. They must ensure all activities are within the boundaries set by the district. They must approve any products or services being sold in online stores or online fundraisers.

In addition, when fundraisers are held off-campus or involve sponsors and advertisements, the principal must sign-off on it.

Keep Accurate Accounting

School districts have accounting departments that have financial management software. Principals and staff members are required to keep accurate accounting by utilizing this software. They cannot create their own records management outside of mandated programs.

To avoid improprieties, schools are assigned bookkeepersor accounting specialists whose job functionsinclude recording financial transactions.This is a check and balance put in by the district to ensure every dollar is accounted for and money is calculated with accuracy.

How to Get Communities to Buy In

There's a lot that goes intofinancial management in public schools. Several factors affect school spending. Everything from public policies to the state of the economy is crucial to funding.

There is little districts can do to affect the larger issues, but there are approaches to effectively manage school resources. Let's look at a few.

1. Develop CommunityPartnerships

Local school districts must have community partners. They're in the business of educating children. These children have parents that are business owners. Who run and attend local churches and belong to civic organizations.

Who has the greatest incentive to rally behind institutions of education than the people who rely on them?

Community partnerships are useful when it comes to fundraising, supporting sports teamsand civic clubs. These partnerships become instrumental in addressing new policies and legislative changes.

2. Stay Abreast of Policy Changes and Communicate via Public Forums

It is vitalto stay abreast of legislation that will impact your school district. This information has to get disseminated quickly, so districts are not caught off guard. The same is true for local districts making changes to school budgets within their control.

The best way to deal with these changes is to get information out to the community via public forums. In some places, voters must approve measures that affect the budget of local school systems. By keeping thelines of communicationopen, you increase the prospects of a favorable outcome.

Too often, people show up for major elections and opt-out of mid-term elections which have more local initiatives on the ballot. Even then, theydon't appear to give much thought to local amendments.

(Video) Introduction to Financial Literacy - Money Management for Teens!

Informed voters will show up at the polls to support causes they believe in. They will also get others to participate in the process.

3. Remain Transparent

Open communication is as important today as it's always been. Transparency is the key to good communication. Understand your audience and build effective ways to relay information at a level that's easy to understand.

Explaining initiatives to administration staff is different than delivering the message to educators. The same is true when it comes to speaking to parents.

The person delivering the messagehas to take the information and create messaging, images, videos, etc., based on whothey are talking to. This means 20 principals may have 20 different PowerPoints, but the facts must remain the same.

How to Manage School Finances Effectively

There are ways schools can manage school finances effectively both inside the school and at the district level. It's a joint effort and everyone has to make a contribution.

1. Eliminate Excess Spending

Both the district and principals can eliminate excess spending. Take a good look at your budgets and see what you can cut thatdoesn't negatively impact the learning process.

Don't take it upon yourself to decide what should get cut. Get input from your district employees, school staff and the community.

Review employees and job descriptions. Assistant principals earn higher pay than Deans of students. Instead of hiring an AP for each grade level, opt for a less expensive role.

Look to your local colleges that have teaching programs.Fill vacant teaching assistant roles with college students in need of credit hours.

Maintenance departments can rotate personnel to different campuses based on need.

2. Set Milestones

Financial management in public schools has to have the means to measure success.The best way to measure a goal is by setting milestones.

If you're trying to cut excess spending and operate in financial efficiency, the best way to do it's by having clear expectations and obtainable goals. Some goals are short-term while others are long-term.

Districts must communicate their overall plan to every school. They are also responsible for following up anddeveloping a response when goals aren't met. Perhaps their goals were too ambitious. On the flip side, the people responsible for doing the work did measure up.

The same is true for principals. Therehas to be consequences or adjustments when your school doesn't meet expectations.

3. Implement Ongoing Evaluation of Spending Goals

Once spending is under control, the next step is to evaluate ongoing spending and ensureschools and the district office aren't drifting back into old spending habits.

It's all about constructing a new normal. See what worked naturally in your overall plan for financial management and improve on it. If there were goals that weren't easily obtainable or caused a downward shift in processes, they are reviewed, revised or eliminated.

4. ConsiderOperational Partners

Schools are in the business of educating students. However, a large portion of school district budgets is spent on roles that have nothing to do with education. Can schools benefit from business partnerships?

Businesses of all sizes have figured out there are positions and even full departments that don't require full-time staff or departments. Some outsource and others consolidate roles.

(Video) MANAGING MONEY WITH ADHD | how to create a budget, automate your finances & avoid impulse spending

Some businesses believe theysaved money in the long run. They also get exposed toa better talent pool.

Let's take a quick look at how school districts can incorporate this idea into financial management in public schools.

1. Information technologyis probably the biggest industry for entering into service partnerships. Big savings could come in the form of exploring options for help desk services. This alone could potentially create savings in the IT budget.

2. School lunch programs area safeguard for the health and wellbeing of children. The schools understand that in some instances, these may be the only meals some children receive all day.

At the high school level, an option to explore is also a way for schools to make money. Theyshould considervending machines at high schools, or a la carte options provided by an outside vendor.

3. Schools already outsource security. Many districts have partnerships with local law enforcement agencies. Others use private security firms.

5. Incorporate Accounting Software for Schools

Implementing accountingmanagement softwareinto school finance management offers a great return on investment. These programs help streamline processes in different areas of the school's accounting responsibilities.

These programs offer several features. The most valuable tool is the ability of parents and vendors to submit payments online.

Eliminate the need for parents to send money to the school via their children who may forget to turn it in. Or worse, decide to use it for something else. With the software, parents can pay for:

  • school meal programs
  • sports fees
  • field trips
  • overdue library fees
  • PTA dues
  • school pictures
  • AP exam fees
  • and more

Within their individual accounts, they can see records or their payments and receive receipts. For school lunches, they know when it's time to reload food cards.

The ease and convenience of using the software increase the likelihood that payments will be made and submitted on time.

6. Implementing Change

The most cost-effective solutionshould always receive full consideration. When it comes to implementing new ideas, expect push back from school personnel and parents. It's human nature to resist change.

At the end of the day, school districts must make the best decisions for the good of the majority. On the most basic levels, these changes might not seem like a lot, but over time, you'll have measurables to show cost-savings.

How Does Equity and Adequate Education Impact School Finances?

Is it a fair assessment that schools serving an abundance of students from low-income neighborhoods require a greater budget and resources? Do schools in affluent neighborhoods where resources are readily available outside of school deserve a lower budget?

These two topics have been at the top of discussions surrounding equity and adequate education. The reality is, school districts rely on federal funding that addresses education disparities in terms of societal influences. This is where programs like Title I, which provide funding foreconomically disadvantaged students, come into play.

Let's take a look at howschool finance management mustmake room for equity and adequate education.

What Does Equity in Education mean?

In its basic form, equity means each school district throughout the state offers the same resources to its students. Resources include books, technology, software and learning environments.

Federal and state laws address equity to assure schools in low-income neighborhoods have the same access as everyone else. Access in terms of equity doesn't mean each student receives identical resources. It's a reality that students have different needs and there are various tools available to reach the desired outcomes.

(Video) How School Budgets are Made

There are two levels in whichfinancial management in public schools are measured when it comes to equity. The first is to compare equity among districts. The second is to measure equity among schools within individual districts to ensure all students receive equal funding.

What is Adequacy in Education?

Adequacy in education are reassurances that states have outlined and have clear definitions of what quality looks like in their school systems. These items must be available and obtainable by each student.

Adequacy is sometimes seen as a low bar or standard for districts to meet. It also can become an argument for those challenging equality in school systems. For example, if every school is required to provide each student with a tablet, does it mean the tablets are the same make, model and year.

Or does it simply mean each student gets a tablet regardless of cost or quality?

Where Do Equity and Adequacy Cross Paths?

School districts have a separationof equity once it gets to the local level. Local governments have their own tax base and set their own budgets. Whereas school funding for K-12 public schools may start off equal, they could vary once local taxes are fed into the budgets.

It doesn't takerocket scienceto understand that certain communities have a higher tax base solely because monies are coming from property taxes.

For the sake of this article, let's say with federal and state funding, each student is allotted $7,500. However, district A gets a boost of $2,500 per student. Yet, district B gets $5,000, and district C, $7,500.

Now the poorest district has $10,000 per student, and the richest district has $15,000. The creates an imbalance in the theory of equity and adequacy. Why? Because the district receiving $15,000 now has more resources for things like:

  • recruitment
  • technology
  • books
  • supplies
  • funding for athletics
  • building maintenance
  • and more

Of course, there are school administrators gifted onhow to manage school finances effectively. They can take the $10,000 and provide comparable resources by negotiating discounts. Their biggest successes come in recruiting teachers whose passion for teaching underprivileged students supersede their desire to earn higher pay.

Placing Core Educational Services First

Core educational services in education are sometimes elusive in school districts of moderate and high-income families. They're more valuable to students in low-income communities to bridge the gap between communities.

We've talked about gaps between districts and states. However, there are also gaps in counties that have multiple school districts. School boards seat members to represent these districts, and it's common to find underserved schools because of societal conditions.

Core services needed for these subcommunities includes:

  • Early childhood education programs to give families access to education.
  • Funding to recruit teachers with experience and training in Title I schools.
  • The opportunity to have advanced placement courses and magnet programs offered at these schools.
  • Contracting with providers to offer before andafter school programs.
Keep in mind there has to be financial grants in place to assist parents who can't afford fees for programs.

Managing Resources and Innovative Thinking is the Key to Success

Federal, state and local mandates aren't going anywhere. They are there to protect schools and to ensure children receive every advantage afforded to them. The best financial success stories come from districts and schools that have figured out how to manage school finances effectively.

There's a lot to consider and every decision impacts someone or some department. School district employees, community members, parents and students are all stakeholders. Their input is valuable and needed.

Changes, whether big or small make a difference. Remember to set measurable goals and follow timelines. Always be prepared to make decisions if they will help reduce operational costs without causing harm to the staff and students.

Get All the Must-Know School Finance Management Tips!

Download the complete school finance guide for free, which also includes key cost-saving measures your school can take to keep a healthy budget.

School Finance Management: Your Guide to K-12 Finances (4)

(Video) 12 Basics of Managing Small Business Finances

FAQs

Why is it important to use financial information in effective decision making in schools? ›

Without a well-planned budget, a school or academy will struggle to make any long-term financial decisions. They won't be able to allocate resources based on organisational needs and objectives, and run the risk of descending into deficit.

What is financial management in the school system? ›

The concept of Financial management in Schools describes the process of ensuring that school leaders plan, organize, delegate and control the funds of the school to achieve its goals.

How would you monitor the financial performance of your school? ›

The monitoring report should be: Generated from existing financial records. e.g. from the school's existing management information system (MIS), such as ScholarPack or Arbor.
...
Monitor finances regularly with reports
  • The profiled budget.
  • Spend to date.
  • End-of-year projections.

How do you manage school finances effectively? ›

How to Manage School Finances Effectively
  1. Eliminate Excess Spending. Both the district and principals can eliminate excess spending. ...
  2. Set Milestones. ...
  3. Implement Ongoing Evaluation of Spending Goals. ...
  4. Consider Operational Partners. ...
  5. Incorporate Accounting Software for Schools. ...
  6. Implementing Change.
12 Jan 2021

Who is responsible for managing the school finances? ›

Raj Mestry

In the Schools Act No. 84 of 1996 school governing bodies are mandated to manage the funds of schools. The Act also provides guidelines for the school governing body and the principal on their roles and responsibilities in managing the finances of the school.

What is the importance of financial management to students? ›

Every student should have basic financial knowledge to build a sustainable career for themselves. Financial knowledge can help students improve their lifestyle and lead a stable life keeping the financial insecurities at bay.

Why is it important for students to learn about finance? ›

It goes without saying that learning about financial literacy is important, as personal finance education provides students with the knowledge and skills to manage financial resources effectively for a lifetime of financial well-being. It's equally important, however, that this education be offered at school.

What is the importance of financial planning to a student? ›

Financial planning is essential in college because it helps students understand how they can manage their money. It also helps them make the most of their resources. It teaches them the importance of saving, investing, and budgeting.

What is financial management simple answer? ›

In simple terms, financial management is the business function that deals with investing the available financial resources in a way that greater business success and return-on-investment (ROI) is achieved. Financial management professionals plan, organize and control all transactions in a business.

How is the budget important for the financial management of a school? ›

The purpose of budgeting is to provide the best possible educational opportunities for every student in an educational institution. Budgets should also reflect the administration's ability to manage the financial affairs of the school.

What do students learn from financial management? ›

Financial management teaches you to manage your financial resources both on the personal level and within your business plan. It's more than just balance sheets. It's comprised of short term and long term goals, with cash management plans and investment decisions in place.

What are the importance of financial management explain each? ›

Financial management provides pathways to attain goals and objectives in an organisation. The main duty of a financial manager is to measure organisational efficiency through proper allocation, acquisition and management. It provides guidance in financial planning. It assists in acquiring funds from different sources.

How do you achieve financial performance? ›

  1. Get advice from a professional. If you haven't already, talk to an accountant or business adviser about your finances. ...
  2. Recover outstanding debt. ...
  3. Reduce or rearrange expenses. ...
  4. Sell assets. ...
  5. Offer markdowns or increase prices. ...
  6. Consolidate debt. ...
  7. Use new marketing techniques. ...
  8. Offer additional payment options.
2 Nov 2022

What is the importance of financial performance? ›

Why Is Financial Performance Important? A company's financial performance tells investors about its general well-being. It's a snapshot of its economic health and the job its management is doing—providing insight into the future: whether its operations and profits are on track to grow and the outlook for its stock.

Why is financial management important for teachers? ›

Poor financial management causes teachers not only emotional stress but consequently emotional and psychological stress (Fox, Bartholomae, and Lee, 2005). Being in this state does not make a teacher productive in the classroom.

Who is accountable for school finances? ›

One of the functions that SGBs perform is the establishment and administration of school funds. Because schools are state institutions, SGBs are expected by law to be accountable for the funds they manage. They must account to all stakeholders who contribute to the school fund.

What is the most important purpose of financial management? ›

The basic objective of financial management is to achieve optimal profit, both in the short and long run. It even includes wealth maximization, where every shareholder's value or hold over dividends should increase.

How can I improve my financial knowledge? ›

Enroll for a short-term course

For example, a course in Personal Finance often involves programmes like Chartered Wealth Manager and Certified Financial Planner. Similarly, there are different courses around corporate finance, investment banking, international finance and financial management.

How should students prepare for the future financially? ›

Small steps and helpful tools—like the right savings account (they're not all made equal)—can help you get ahead.
  • Make your money grow with you. ...
  • Pay down debt. ...
  • Keep tabs on your credit report. ...
  • Create a monthly budget and keep it up to date. ...
  • Start your emergency fund. ...
  • Expand your financial knowledge.

How would you relate financial planning in your daily life as a student? ›

Financial planning helps you understand your goals better in terms of why you need to achieve these goals and how they impact other aspects of your life and finances. Planning encourages you to manage inflation. You are aware of the price of various things and activities. You plan your budget in a better manner.

What is the most important part of financial plan? ›

The most important initial element in financial planning is Budgeting. Setting a budget is relatively easy; it is more difficult to stick to it!

What are the 3 main goals of financial management? ›

3 Financial Management Goals for Your Small Business
  • Build Out Your Budget. ...
  • Manage Your Cash Flow. ...
  • Identify and Learn How to Manage the Risks.
29 Nov 2019

What are the 4 types of financial management? ›

There are four main financial decisions- Capital Budgeting or Long term Investment decision (Application of funds), Capital Structure or Financing decision (Procurement of funds), Dividend decision (Distribution of funds) and Working Capital Management Decision in order to accomplish goal of the firm viz., to maximize ...

What are the 4 responsibilities of financial management? ›

Financial managers generally oversee the financial health of an organization and help ensure its continued viability. They supervise important functions, such as monitoring cash flow, determining profitability, managing expenses and producing accurate financial information.

What are some of the most important financial management decisions? ›

There are three decisions that financial managers have to take: Investment Decision. Financing Decision and. Dividend Decision.

Why is financial management class 12 important? ›

The financial management role is the sizing and composition of the fixed assets, amount and composition of the current assets, fixing the debt-equity ratio in the capital, deciding on the long and short term financing, and all the items in the profit and loss account.

What is the key to success of finance? ›

1. Pay yourself first. Make saving for your future a first priority, which you put before your other financial obligations. Put away as much as you can, and try to save at least 10% of your annual income (total, not take-home). Depending on your obligations, you may be able to save more or less.

What is effective financial management? ›

Effective Financial Management gives advice on raising money for a business, maintaining investor relationships, accounting, reporting and communicating effectively with a wide range of stakeholders, budgeting, forecasting and managing business costs and cashflow, assessing projects and buying assets.

What is the purpose of finance? ›

Finance involves borrowing & lending, investing, raising capital, and selling & trading securities. The purpose of these pursuits is to allow companies and individuals to fund certain activities or projects today, to be repaid in the future based on income streams generated from those activities.

What is the most important financial statement? ›

The most important financial statement for the majority of users is likely to be the income statement, since it reveals the ability of a business to generate a profit. Also, the information listed on the income statement is mostly in relatively current dollars, and so represents a reasonable degree of accuracy.

What are the possible problems that we encounter in school? ›

School Problems
  • Tardiness, skipping class, truancy.
  • Disrespecting teachers.
  • Drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Acting out.
  • Sleeping in class.
  • Difficulty with schoolwork or homework.
  • Possessing a weapon at school.
  • Difficulty with teachers.

What are the challenges and problems usually faced by a financial manager? ›

Top Challenges Faced by Today's Finance Managers [Recap]

Embracing new technology. Reporting and providing real-time data. Communicating with other departments. Rules, regulations, and compliance.

What are the problems of financial system? ›

Problems in financial systems not only disrupt financial intermediation, but they can also undermine the effectiveness of monetary policy, exacerbate economic downturns, trigger capital flight and exchange rate pressures, and create large fiscal costs related to rescuing troubled financial institutions.

What is the greatest challenge facing administrators in the areas of finance and the school budget? ›

I believe the greatest challenges facing administrators in the areas of finance and a school budget is not having enough money to fund projects or to hire new personnel and not organizing funds into the right areas. A school leader should complete a needs assessment to determine what the school needs the most.

What are the major challenges facing school business management? ›

Educational gaps

Perhaps the most obvious challenge facing SBMs in 2021 is the increasing educational gap. According to a recent BBC article, education policy experts say some pupils who have missed out on significant learning time should be allowed to repeat the year.

What are the most common issues raised on students performance? ›

Academic concerns, which might include issues such as learning difficulties or disabilities, underachievement, lack of attention from teachers, and bullying, affect a number of students throughout their academic careers, from elementary school to college.

What practices must be maintained and improved to make grades and reporting meaningful? ›

To maintain fairness and consistency, consider using the following best practices:
  • Establish clear grading criteria for assignments and exams. ...
  • Discuss grading criteria with all graders to align perspectives. ...
  • Grade one question at a time rather than one student at a time. ...
  • Beware of conflicts of interest.
14 Jul 2016

What are the most important financial management issues today? ›

The Top Financial Challenges Faced By Small Business (and How To Overcome Them)
  • Lack of Cash Flow. ...
  • Insufficient Marketing and Advertising. ...
  • Not Using a Budget. ...
  • A Lack of Capital. ...
  • Unexpected Expenses. ...
  • Taxes and Government Compliance. ...
  • Mounds of Paperwork. ...
  • Hiring and Retaining Top Talent.

What are the 3 main decisions that handled by finance manager? ›

There are three decisions that financial managers have to take: Investment Decision. Financing Decision and. Dividend Decision.

What makes a financial system effective? ›

A stable financial system is capable of efficiently allocating resources, assessing and managing financial risks, maintaining employment levels close to the economy's natural rate, and eliminating relative price movements of real or financial assets that will affect monetary stability or employment levels.

What is the most common cause of financial problems? ›

One of the most common causes of financial crises in business is a lack of priorities. Companies with multiple competing priorities end up spending money in far too many different areas.

Why financial system is important? ›

The financial system plays a critical role in the economy. It enables the financial intermediation process which facilitates the flow of funds between savers and borrowers, thus ensuring that financial resources are allocated efficiently towards promoting economic growth and development.

What are the main factors influencing educational financing? ›

1). The funding of tertiary education is usually done through five basic sources: (a) government, (b) parents and family members, (c) students, (d) donors, and (e) tertiary institutions (Gordon, 2010).

What do you believe are the main challenges that school administrators currently face? ›

A Walden University webinar shares vital resources for education leaders.
  • Quality Instruction. ...
  • Access for Students. ...
  • Effective Communication. ...
  • Social and Emotional Issues for Students, Teachers, Staff, and Administrators. ...
  • Economic Hardship for Students and Families.

Videos

1. Should You Use a 529 Plan for K–12 Expenses?
(The Money Guy Show)
2. Understanding Company Finances: A Guide to Financial Reports and How To Read Them
(Institution of Mechanical Engineers - IMechE)
3. Financial Literacy for Beginners & Dummies - Personal Finance Education Audiobook Full Length
(Giovanni Rigters)
4. William Ackman: Everything You Need to Know About Finance and Investing in Under an Hour | Big Think
(Big Think)
5. How I Budget my Paychecks 💸 paycheck breakdown, bi-weekly budget with me & more
(Carter Sullivan)
6. Personal Finance for High School Students
(Practical Personal Finance)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Fr. Dewey Fisher

Last Updated: 02/07/2023

Views: 5907

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (62 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Fr. Dewey Fisher

Birthday: 1993-03-26

Address: 917 Hyun Views, Rogahnmouth, KY 91013-8827

Phone: +5938540192553

Job: Administration Developer

Hobby: Embroidery, Horseback riding, Juggling, Urban exploration, Skiing, Cycling, Handball

Introduction: My name is Fr. Dewey Fisher, I am a powerful, open, faithful, combative, spotless, faithful, fair person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.