Public Cloud Security: AWS, Azure, & GCP | SANS SEC510 (2023)

What You Will Learn

Multiple Clouds Require Multiple Solutions

SEC510 provides cloud security practitioners, analysts, and researchers with an in-depth understanding of the inner workings of the most popular public cloud providers: Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Students will learn industry-renowned standards and methodologies, such as the MITRE ATT&CK Cloud Matrix and CIS Cloud Benchmarks, then apply that knowledge in hands-on exercises to assess a modern web application that leverages the cloud native offerings of each provider. Students will launch unhardened services, analyze the security configuration, validate that they are insufficiently secure, deploy patches, and validate the remediation. Through this process students will learn the philosophies that undergird each provider and how these have influenced their services and will leave the course confident that they have the knowledge they need when adopting services and Platform as a Service (PaaS) / Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offerings in each cloud.

The Big 3 cloud providers alone provide more services than any one company can consume. As security professionals, it can be tempting to limit what the developers use to the tried-and-true solutions of yesteryear. Unfortunately, this approach will inevitably fail as the product development organization sidelines a security entity that is unwilling to change. Functionality drives adoption, not security, and if a team discovers a service offering that can help get its product to market quicker than the competition, it can and should use it. SEC510 gives you the ability to provide relevant and modern guidance and guardrails to these teams to enable them to move both quickly and safely.

"This class was an excellent investment. I learned a great deal about the various strengths and weaknesses in the 3 largest cloud providers' default services and default configurations as well as inherent insecurities that can't be easily mitigated. There is a great deal of actionable content that I can take back to my team as we work to monitor and help our clients secure their cloud environments." - John Senn, EY


  • Be proactive in embracing the multicloud trend safely. It is impossible for an organization to standardize on a single cloud provider. A survey from Forrester shows that 86% of organizations identify as multicloud. Even if you do not want to use multiple clouds, mergers and acquisitions makes this inevitable.
  • Effective cloud security practitioners need to know how the Big 3 providers differ. Security concepts do not always translate from cloud-to-cloud. A great strategy for one can be catastrophic for another.
  • All security-minded organizations require professional reconfiguration as most cloud services are highly insecure by default.
  • Storage security is much more than just closing public buckets. Even private assets can be compromised by competent attackers.
  • Security is 5+ years behind development and needs to play catch-up. Technologies that security considers to be cutting-edge, like serverless, have been used in production for a very long time.


  • Understand the inner workings of cloud services and Platform as a Service (PaaS) / Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offerings in order to make more informed decisions in the cloud
  • Understand the design philosophies that undergird each provider and how these have influenced their services in order to properly prescribe security solutions for them
  • Discover the unfortunate truth that many cloud services are adopted before their security controls are fully fleshed out
  • Understand Amazon Web Services (AWS), Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) in depth.
  • Understand the intricacies of Identity and Access Management, one of the most fundamental concepts in the cloud and yet one of the last understood
  • Understand cloud networking and how locking it down is a critical aspect of defense-in-depth in the cloud
  • Analyze how each provider handles encryption at rest and in transit in order to prevent sensitive data loss
  • Apply defense-in-depth techniques to protect data in cloud storage
  • Compare and contrast the serverless platforms of each provider
  • Explore the service offering landscape to discover what is driving the adoption of multiple cloud platforms and to assess the security of services at the bleeding edge, such as serverless platforms
  • Utilize multicloud IAM and cloud Single Sign-On to provide secure access to resources across cloud accounts and providers
  • Automate security and compliance checks using cloud-native platforms and open-source solutions
  • Understand Terraform Infrastructure-as-Code well enough to share it with your engineering team as a starting point for implementing the controls discussed in the course


SEC510: Public Cloud Security: AWS, Azure, and GCP consolidates all of the concepts discussed in the lectures through hands-on labs. In the labs, students will assess a modern web application written with Next.js, React, and Sequelize that leverages the cloud native offerings of each provider. Each lab includes step-by-step guide as well as a no hints option for students who want to test their skills without further assistance. This allows students to choose the level of difficulty that is best for them and fall back to the step-by-step guide as needed.

SEC510 also offers students an opportunity to participate in CloudWars Bonus Challenges each day in a gamified environment, while also providing more hands-on experience with the cloud security and relevant tools.

  • SECTION 1: VM credential exposure, Hardening AWS IAM policies, Hardening Azure and GCP policies, Advanced IAM features, CloudWars Section 1
  • SECTION 2: Network lockdown, Analyzing network traffic, private endpoint security, Cloud VPN and Managed SSH, CloudWars Section 2
  • SECTION 3: Audit decryption events, Encrypt all the things!, Storage service lockdown, Unauthorized file sharing, CloudWars Section 3
  • SECTION 4: Serverless prey, Hardening serverless functions, App service security, Firebase access control, CloudWars Section 4
  • SECTION 5: Multicloud integration, Login with Azure AD, Automated benchmarking, Lab teardown, CloudWars Section 5

"Labs are amazing, they cover all the content we review over the lectue." - Enrique Gamboa, ALG

"Labs are insane. Such a great setup. I'm learning a ton and plus will be able to build upon this great foundation." - Kevin Sahota, 604 Security

"Labs are very well structured and detailed to explain exactly what is happening and why." - Gareth Johnson, Close Brothers


  • Section 1: Securely Using Identity and Access Management (IAM) and Defending IAM Credentials
  • Section 2: Restricting Infrastructure and Data Access to Trusted Networks
  • Section 3: Encrypting Data at Rest and In-Transit, Locking Down Storage, and Auditing Logs
  • Section 4: Exploring Serverless Functions, App Services, and the Firebase Platform
  • Section 5: Securely Integrating Across Cloud Accounts and Automating Misconfiguration Benchmarking


  • Head in the Clouds, Episode 11: Importing Resources into the Terraform State File
  • poster | En Español
  • Multicloud Command-Line Interface Cheat Sheet
  • Firebase: Google Clouds Evil Twin, by Brandon Evans (
  • Detecting and Locking Down Malware in Azure, by Brandon Evans (
  • Top 5 Considerations for Multicloud Security, by Brandon Evans (


  • Printed and Electronic courseware
  • MP3 audio files of the course
  • Course virtual machine (VM) with all lab exercises that can be redone outside of class
  • Thousands of lines of Infrastructure-as-Code for each cloud platform that you can use at your organization


SANS offers several courses that are good follow-ups to SEC510 depending on your job role:

Cloud Security Analyst

  • SEC541: Cloud Security Attacker Techniques, Monitoring, and Threat Detection
  • SEC557: Continuous Automation for Enterprise and Cloud Compliance

Cloud Security Engineer

  • SEC540: Cloud Security and DevSecOps Automation
  • SEC541: Cloud Security Attacker Techniques, Monitoring, and Threat Detection

Cloud Security Architect

  • SEC549: Enterprise Cloud Security Architecture (coming Summer 2022)
  • SEC540: Cloud Security and DevSecOps Automation
  • MGT520: Leading Cloud Security Design and Implementation

SANS Video

Syllabus (38 CPEs)

Download PDF

  • Overview

    SEC510 starts with a brief overview of the Big 3 cloud providers. We will examine the factors driving adoption of multiple cloud providers and the rise in popularity of Azure and GCP, which historically have lagged far behind AWS. Students will then initialize their lab environment and deploy a modern web application to each of the Big 3 providers.

    This leads into an analysis of the intricacies of Identity and Access Management (IAM), one of the most fundamental and misunderstood concepts in cloud security. Playing the role of an attacker in their lab environment, students will compromise real IAM credentials using application vulnerabilities and then use them to access sensitive data.

    The remainder of this section will focus on how to leverage well-written IAM policies to minimize the damage caused by such attacks. Although the ultimate solution is to fix the bug in the application, these strategies can prevent a minor incident from becoming front-page news.

    • VM Credential Exposure
    • Hardening AWS IAM Policies
    • Hardening Azure and GCP Policies
    • Advanced IAM Features
    • CloudWars (Section 1): Public Cloud Security DevOps Challenges

    The Multicloud Movement

    • Cloud Market Trends
    • Multicloud Considerations
    • Shadow Cloud Accounts

    Multicloud Security Assessment

    • MITRE ATT&CK Cloud Matrix
    • Lab Environment Introduction
    • HashiCorp Terraform Overview

    Identity and Access Management

    • Identities
    • Policies
    • Organization-Wide Controls
    • AWS IAM
    • Azure Active Directory
    • GCP IAM

    Cloud Credential Management

    • Cloud Instance Metadata APIs
    • Credential Management Postmortems (Case Studies)

    Application Vulnerability Overviews

    • Overly Permissive Permissions
    • Command Injection
    • Server-Side Request Forgery
    • Supply-Chain Attacks
  • Overview

    Section 2 covers how to lock down infrastructure within a virtual private network. As the public cloud IP address blocks are well known and default network security is often lax, millions of sensitive assets are unnecessarily accessible to the public Internet. This section will ensure that none of these assets belong to your organization.

    The section begins by demonstrating how ingress and egress traffic can be restricted within each provider. Students will analyze the damage that can be done without these controls by accessing a public-facing database and creating a reverse shell session in each environment. We will then eliminate both attack vectors with secure cloud configuration.

    In addition to introducing additional network defense-in-depth mechanisms, we will discuss cloud-based intrusion detection capabilities to address the network-based attacks we cannot eliminate. Students will analyze cloud traffic and search for indicators of compromise.

    • Network Lockdown
    • Analyzing Network Traffic
    • Private Endpoint Security
    • Cloud VPN and Managed SSH
    • CloudWars (Section 2): Public Cloud Security DevOps Challenges

    Cloud Virtual Networks

    • Network Service Scanning
    • Default Network Configuration
    • Network Security Groups

    Network Traffic Analysis

    • Flow Logging
    • Traffic Mirroring

    Private Endpoints

    • AWS PrivateLink
    • Azure Private Link
    • GCP VPC Service Controls

    Advanced Remote Access

    • Managed SSH
    • Hybrid VPN Gateway
    • Session Manager
    • Azure Bastion
    • OS Login
    • Identity-Aware Proxy (IAP)

    Command and Control Servers

    • Reverse Shells
  • Overview

    The first half of Section 3 covers all topics related to encryption in the cloud. Students will learn about each providers cryptographic key solution and how it can be used to encrypt data at rest. Students will also learn how in-transit encryption is performed throughout the cloud, such as the encryption between clients, load balancers, applications, and database servers.

    (Video) Why Take SEC510 Public Cloud Security: AWS, Azure, & GCP?

    Proper encryption is not only critical for security; it is also an important legal and compliance consideration. This section will ensure that your organization has all of the information at its disposal to send the auditors packing.

    The second half of Section 3 covers storing data in the cloud, defense-in-depth mechanisms, access logging, filesystem persistence, and more.

    • Audit Decryption Events
    • Encrypt All The Things!
    • Storage Service Lockdown
    • Unauthorized File Sharing
    • CloudWars (Section 3): Public Cloud Security DevOps Challenges

    Cloud Key Management

    • AWS KMS
    • Azure Key Vault
    • Google Cloud KMS

    Encryption with Cloud Services

    • Disk-Level Encryption
    • Record-Level Encryption
    • In-Transit Encryption

    Cloud Storage Platforms

    • Access Control
    • Audit Logs
    • Data Retention

    Data Exfiltration Paths

  • Overview

    This course section tackles the ever-changing trends in technology by providing in-depth coverage of a paradigm taking the industry by storm: Serverless. It balances the discussion of the challenges serverless introduces with the advantages it provides in securing product development and security operations.

    The first half of the section covers serverless cloud functions in AWS Lambda, Azure Functions, and Google Cloud Functions. After introspecting the serverless runtime environments using Serverless Prey (a popular open-source tool written by the course authors), students will examine and harden practical serverless functions in a real environment.

    The second half of the course section covers App Services, which often interplay with cloud functions. The section concludes with a detailed analysis of Firebase, an application platform with serverless offerings that has been loosely integrated with the Google Cloud Platform since its acquisition by Google in 2014.

    • Serverless Prey
    • Hardening Serverless Functions
    • App Service Security
    • Firebase Access Control
    • CloudWars (Section 4): Public Cloud Security DevOps Challenges

    Cloud Serverless Functions

    • Security Advantages
    • Function as a Service Defense

    Persistence with Serverless

    App Services

    • AWS Elastic Beanstalk
    • Azure App Service
    • Google App Engine


    • Realtime Database
    • Cloud Firestore
    • Authentication
  • Overview

    The course concludes with practical guidance on how to operate an organization across multiple cloud accounts and providers. Many of the topics discussed in the earlier course sections are significantly complicated when moving from a single account to multiple accounts, as well as when the providers are integrated with each other. We begin by discussing how using multiple accounts and clouds changes Identity and Access Management (IAM).

    No discussion of secure user identity management would be complete without mentioning Single Sign-On (SSO). With it, members of an organization can use the same credential set to sign onto a variety of applications. When a member leaves the organization, an administrator can terminate their all of their access with a single command. Section 5s second half covers each clouds native SSO solution, how AWS SSO is key for managing multiple AWS accounts, and each clouds end-user identification service.

    We conclude by introducing tools and services that can be used to automate compliance checks against the benchmarks we have covered throughout the course. This includes open-source solutions as well as cloud-based security services. With these capabilities, an organization can take the lessons learned in SEC510 and apply them at scale.

    • Multicloud Integration
    • Login with Azure AD
    • Automated Benchmarking
    • Lab Teardown
    • CloudWars (Section 5): Public Cloud Security DevOps Challenges

    Multicloud Access Management

    Cloud Single Sign-On

    • AWS SSO
    • Microsoft Identity Platform and Azure AD
    • Google Cloud Identity

    End-User Identity Management

    • Amazon Cognito User Pools
    • Microsoft Identity Platform and Azure AD B2C
    • Google CICP and Firebase Authentication

    Automated Benchmarking

    • AWS Security Hub
    • Azure Security Center
    • GCP Security Command Center
    • Open-Source Solutions


    (Video) Why Take SEC510: Public Cloud Security: AWS, Azure, and GCP OnDemand

    Additional Resources

(Video) SEC510: Public Cloud Security: AWS, Azure, and GCP

GIAC Public Cloud Security

The GPCS certification validates a practitioner's ability to secure the cloud in both public cloud and multi cloud environments. GPCS-certified professionals are familiar with the nuances of AWS, Azure, and GCP and have the skills needed to defend each of these platforms.

  • Evaluation and comparison of public cloud service providers
  • Auditing, hardening, and securing public cloud environments
  • Introduction to multi-cloud compliance and integration

More Certification Details


Although SEC510 uses Terraform Infrastructure-as-Code to deploy and configure services in each cloud for the labs, students will not need in-depth knowledge of Terraform or need to understand any of the syntax used. However, students will be introduced at a high level to what this code accomplishes.

The following are courses or equivalent experiences that are prerequisites for SEC510:

  • SANS SEC488: Cloud Security Essentials or hands-on experience using the AWS and Azure Cloud.
  • Students must have basic familiarity with cloud IAM and networking.
  • Students must be comfortable working with the Bash commands.
  • Students should have basic familiarity with the HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL) or review the Terraform Language Documentation prior to the course
  • For hands on Terraform practice, consider following Kenneth Hartman's Tech Tuesday Workshop - Use Terraform to Provision You Own Cloud-Based Remote Browsing Workstation

For those looking to prepare ahead of time, check out the Terraform Getting Started Guide:

This class requires a basic understanding of web application technology and concepts such as HTML and JavaScript. To maximize the benefit for a wider range of audiences, the discussions in this course will be programming language agnostic. Attendees should have some understanding of concepts like databases (SQL) and scripting languages used in modern web applications.

Laptop Requirements



Please plan to arrive 30 minutes early before your first session for lab preparation and setup. During this time, students can confirm that each cloud account is properly set up, ensure that laptops have virtualization enabled, copy the lab files, and start the Linux virtual machine. For students taking the course Live Online, the instructor will be available to assist them with laptop prep and setup 30 minutes prior to the start of the course.

The first lab of the course, Lab 0, is the foundation for the rest of the course. Failure to complete Lab 0 will prevent the student from completing any other lab exercise. Students should complete as much of Lab 0 as possible prior to the first session.


Students must bring their own AWS, Azure, or GCP accounts to complete the course labs.

The SEC510 course labs contain lab exercises for AWS, Azure, and GCP. Most labs can be completed with any one of these providers. However, we strongly recommend completing the labs for all three providers to learn how the services in each differ in small, yet critical ways. Experiencing this nuance in these interactive labs will help you better defend each platform and prepare for the GPCS certification.

Prior to the start of class, students must create the cloud accounts for the providers they would like to use. Students who would like to complete the Firebase lab must create a GCP account even if they choose not to complete the rest of the GCP exercises. The average cost to run the labs with all three providers enabled is < $5 USD per-day. AWS costs are less for free-tier accounts. New Azure subscriptions may be eligible for a $200 credit for 30 days.

OnDemand students:

  • Students must create AWS, Azure, or GCP accounts prior to starting the course to complete the lab exercises for each:

Live events (in-person or Live Online)

  • Students are required to use a time-limited (duration of live class) SANS Managed AWS account that will be provided with the course materials.
  • Students completing Azure lab exercises must create an Azure account prior to the start of class

  • Students completing GCP or FIrebase lab exercises just create a GCP accout prior to the start of class

    (Video) Multiple Clouds Require Multiple Solutions: AWS, Azure, & GCP


Students must bring their own system configured according to these instructions.

A properly configured system is required to fully participate in this course. If you do not carefully read and follow these instructions, you will likely leave the class unsatisfied because you will not be able to participate in hands-on exercises that are essential to this course. Therefore, we strongly urge you to arrive with a system meeting all the requirements specified for the course.

Students must be in full control of the network running the VM. The VM communicates with several external services (AWS, Azure, GCP, etc.) over HTTPS, SSH, and other non-standard ports. Running the course virtual machine on a host with a VPN, intercepting proxy, or egress firewall filter may cause connection issues communicating with these services. Students must be able to configure or disable these services for the lab environment to function properly.


  • A properly configured system is required for each student participating in this course. Before starting your course, carefully read and follow these instructions exactly:
  • Host Operating System: Latest version of Windows 10, macOS 10.15.x or later, or Linux that also can install and run VMware virtualization products described below.
  • Fully update your host operating system prior to the class to ensure you have the right drivers and patches installed to utilize the latest USB 3.0 devices.
  • Those who use a Linux host must also be able to access exFAT partitions using the appropriate kernel or FUSE modules.
  • Download and install 7-Zip (for Windows Hosts) or Keka (macOS). Without these extraction tools, you'll be unable to extract large archives we'll supply to you in class.
  • Download and install either VMware Workstation Pro 15.5.x, VMware Player 15.5.x, or Fusion 11.5.x or higher versions before class.
  • If you do not own a licensed copy of VMware Workstation or Fusion, you can download a free 30-day trial copy from VMware. VMware will send you a time-limited serial number if you register for the trial at its website.
  • Other virtualization software, such as VirtualBox and Hyper-V, are not appropriate because of compatibility and troubleshooting problems you might encounter during class.
  • VMware Workstation Pro and VMware Player on Windows 10 are not compatible with Windows 10 Credential Guard and Device Guard technologies. Please disable these capabilities for the duration of the class if they're enabled on your system by following instructions in this document.

Mandatory Host Hardware Requirements

  • CPU: 64-bit 2.5+ GHz multi-core processor or higher
  • BIOS/UEFI: VT-x, AMD-V, or the equivalent must be enabled in the BIOS/UEFI
  • Hard Disk: Solid-State Drive (SSD) is MANDATORY with 50GB of free disk space minimum
  • Memory: 16GB of RAM or higher is mandatory for this class (IMPORTANT! - 16GB of RAM is MANDATORY)
  • Working USB 2.0 or higher port
  • Wireless Ethernet 802.11 B/G/N/AC
  • Local Administrator Access within your host operating system

Mandatory Host Operating System Requirements

You must use a 64-bit laptop with one of the following operating systems that have been verified to be compatible with course VMware image:

  • Latest version of Windows 10, macOS 10.15.x or later, or Linux that also can install and run VMware virtualization products described below.

Mandatory Software Requirements

Prior to class, ensure that the following software is installed on the host operating system:

  • VMware Workstation Pro 15.5.X+, VMware Player 15.5.X+, or Fusion 11.5+
  • Zip File Utility (7Zip or the built-in operating system zip utility)

Cloud Virtual Machine (AWS AMI)

If your workstation or network does not meet the above requirements, please reach out to your instructor, TA, or OnDemand SME for access to the SEC510 Amazon Machine Image (AMI). After sharing the AMI, instructions will be provided for launching and connecting to the virtual machine over Remote Desktop (RDP). This option is required for students that cannot meet the laptop requirements.


Before beginning the course you should:

  • Complete Lab 0.
  • Have a laptop with a solid-state drive (SSD), 16GB of RAM, and a 64-bit operating system.
  • Install VMware (Workstation or Fusion).
  • Windows only: Verify that the BIOS settings have the Intel VT virtualization extensions enabled.
  • Download the SEC510 Lab Setup Instructions and Course Media from your account.
  • Register a NEW AWS account prior to the start of the class at
  • Register a NEW Azure account and paid subscription prior to the start of class at
  • Register a NEW GCP account with a free trial prior to the start of class at

After you have completed those steps, your course media will be delivered via download. The media files for class can be large, some in the 40 to 50 GB range. You need to allow plenty of time for the download to complete. Internet connections and speed vary greatly and are dependent on many different factors. Therefore, it is not possible to give an estimate of the length of time it will take to download your materials. Please start your course media downloads as you get the link. You will need your course media immediately on the first day of class. Waiting until the night before the class starts to begin your download has a high probability of failure.

SANS has begun providing printed materials in PDF form. Additionally, certain classes are using an electronic workbook in addition to the PDFs. The number of classes using eWorkbooks will increase quickly. In this new environment, we have found that a second monitor and/or a tablet device can be useful for keeping the class materials visible while the instructor is presenting or while you are working on lab exercises.

If you have additional questions about the laptop specifications, please contact

Author Statement

"The move to leveraging multiple public cloud providers introduces new challenges and opportunities for security and compliance professionals. As the service offering landscape is constantly evolving, it is far too easy to prescribe security solutions that are not accurate in all cases. While it is tempting to dismiss the multicloud movement or block it at the enterprise level, this will only make the problem harder to control.

"Why do teams adopt additional cloud solutions in the first place? To make their jobs easier or more enjoyable. Developers are creating products that make money for the business, not for the central security team. If a team discovers a service offering that can help get its product to market quicker than the competition, it can and should use it. Security should embrace the inevitability of the multicloud movement and take on the hard work of implementing guardrails that enable the organization to move quickly and safely.

"The multicloud storm is coming, whether you like it or not."

- Brandon Evans and Eric Johnson

"Simply outstanding! All the way around. Very well done." - Ryan Stillions, IBM X-Force IR


Which is better for security Azure or AWS? ›

AWS and Azure are almost evenly matched. Except AWS offers slightly more secure encryption with the addition of the Galois Counter Mode (GCM). Furthermore, AWS has more encryption services and key management options. Finally, AWS has more in-depth documentation for its services and options than Azure.

Which is better AWS or Azure or GCP? ›

AWS is scoring more points than Azure and Google Cloud. However, it's hard to say that up to when AWS will wear the leading cloud platform's crown. No doubts Azure and GCP Cloud offer top-level Services and features; that's why any of these cloud platforms can be the leader in the future.

Which cloud platform has the best security? ›

What Is the Most Secure Cloud Storage?
  • — The best secure cloud storage on the market.
  • pCloud — A great all-around cloud storage with optional client-side encryption.
  • Icedrive — Zero-knowledge encryption and a gorgeous interface.
  • Egnyte — Enterprise-focused cloud storage with top-notch security.

Why Azure is better than GCP and AWS? ›

Google Cloud is quite popular among startups as it offers various discounts for cloud users. Google Cloud is better for you if pricing is a significant aspect. Azure offers immense flexibility, and AWS has the edge over the others with its massive global footprint.

What are the top 3 certifications in Azure? ›

Most In-Demand Certification : Microsoft Azure Certification Path 2022
  • Microsoft Azure Fundamentals – AZ-900 Exam.
  • Microsoft Azure Administrator – AZ-103.
  • Microsoft Azure Developer – AZ-203.
  • Microsoft Azure Security Engineer – AZ-500.
  • Microsoft Azure AI Engineer – AI-100.
  • Microsoft Azure Data Scientist – DP-100.
8 Sept 2022

Is Azure security a good career? ›

So, yes, Azure security is a good career path. You can become a successful Azure security engineer associate or architect expert, and earn a lucrative salary while being a part of Azure's ever-growing platform.

Which cloud job has highest salary? ›

What Are The Top-Paying Cloud Jobs In 2021?
  • According to a report by Statista, Senior Solutions Architects earn an average of $141,000, making it the highest paying job.
  • The cloud architect position is also pretty lucrative with an average salary of $135,977.

Which cloud is best for career? ›

Highest-Paying Top Cloud Certifications For 2022
  • Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect: ...
  • AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Professional: ...
  • Salesforce Certified Technical Architect: ...
  • Azure Fundamentals by Microsoft: ...
  • AWS Certified DevOps Engineer - Professional: ...
  • AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate:
29 Aug 2022

Which cloud certification is best for beginners? ›

Cloud Certifications
  1. Amazon Web Services (AWS) Solutions Architect - Associate. ...
  2. Microsoft Certified: Azure Fundamentals. ...
  3. Google Associate Cloud Engineer. ...
  4. IBM Certified Technical Advocate - Cloud v3. ...
  5. Cloud Security Alliance: Certificate of Cloud Security Knowledge (CCSK)
13 Jul 2022

What are the 3 categories of cloud security? ›

The three main types of cloud deployment models are private, public, or hybrid.

Which is more secure AWS or GCP? ›

GCP also generally defaults to secure configurations but doesn't always have the same range of security features as AWS. GCP does include some impressive built-in security tools. The Cloud Security Command Center is their version of the Azure Security Center or the AWS Security Hub.

Which cloud model is most secure? ›

Private clouds also offer more security and compliance support than public clouds. As such, some organizations may choose to use private clouds for their more mission-critical, secure applications and public clouds for basic tasks such as application development and testing environments, and e-mail services.

What cloud should I learn 2022? ›

Ans. Some of the best cloud computing certifications for both beginners and professionals in 2022 include the AWS Certified Solutions Architect, Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect, Microsoft's Azure Administrator Associate, CompTIA's platform-agnostic Cloud+ certification, and the CCSP by (ISC)2.

Who are the big 3 cloud providers? ›

Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP) are the cloud service providers with the largest market share, collectively capturing over 65% of spending on cloud infrastructure services.

Which certification is better AWS or GCP? ›

In this area, GCP is the winner with 85 zones in 200+ countries & territories whereas AWS has 81 availability zones in 25 geographic regions.

Is Azure certification enough to get a job? ›

For someone early in their tech career, the Azure Fundamentals certification can be part of what lifts them from a less technical role into a more technical role, into a more technical role. But without industry experience, the Azure Fundamentals certification isn't necessarily enough to ensure a job.

What is AWS certification salary? ›

AWS Certification Salaries

AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional: $161,409. AWS Certified Developer – Associate: $159,767. AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate: $159,033. AWS Certified SysOps Administrator – Associate: $158,777.

What is Azure certification salary? ›

Let's talk about the salary of Azure certified experts in this domain. PayScale reports an average annual salary of $120,718 while CIO names it as one of the most popular certifications based on Robert Half's 2021 IT Salary report. ZipRecruiter estimates an even high annual average salary of $152,142.

Which cloud skill is best? ›

Here are the top skills required for cloud computing to develop in 2023:
  • Cloud Security.
  • Machine Learning and AI.
  • Cloud Deployment and Migration Across Multiple Platforms.
  • Technical Skills Required for Cloud Computing.
  • Database Skills.
  • DevOps.
31 Oct 2022

Can I learn Azure without coding? ›

You do not need coding skills to use Microsoft Azure.

The Microsoft Azure web portal provides all the functionality you need to manage your cloud infrastructure without previous coding experience.

Which software has highest salary? ›

Top 10 highest paying software jobs in 2022
  • Data security analyst. ...
  • Data scientists. ...
  • DevOps engineer. ...
  • Mobile app developer. ...
  • Full-stack developers. ...
  • Data warehouse architects. ...
  • Site reliability engineers (SRE) ...
  • System engineer.

Is GCP easy to learn? ›

Google Cloud Platform is a free platform that lets you build, run, and scale applications on the web. Cloud Platform is easy to learn, because you can use the same tools that you use to build web applications. You can use the same programming languages and tools, and the same operating systems and databases.

Can I get job in cloud as a fresher? ›

How can I get a job in cloud computing as a fresher? The best way to start a career in cloud computing as a fresher is to take a cloud computing certification course. Additionally, you must focus on building projects.

Is cloud course difficult? ›

So now people ask the question – “Is cloud computing difficult to learn?” The short and simple answer to this question is that yes, cloud computing is very difficult to learn. The easiest way to learn cloud computing is to get a cloud computing certification.

Can I learn cloud in 3 months? ›

If you want a cloud engineer job, you can follow AWS education for 3 months. If you are new to the IT world and know nothing about computer science and the cloud, you can follow the Basic computer training for 3 months before the AWS training. ITF courses should be taken if you have no experience in the IT world.

Does AWS require coding? ›

One specific question everyone want to about: Does Amazon Web Service require coding? The answer will make you happy and motivate you to begin your career as soon as possible. Amazon Web Service does not need any programming. Amazon does not require any prior expertise or understanding of programming.

Do I need coding for cloud? ›

In the IT industry, learning Cloud Computing (CC) technology can be done without any programming or coding skills or without any experience. The first place to start is learning the basics of CC . In most of the cases, learning Cloud Computing requires a basic understanding of the cloud concepts.

What are the 4 types of cloud computing? ›

There are four main types of cloud computing: private clouds, public clouds, hybrid clouds, and multiclouds. There are also three main types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS).

What are the 4 types of IT security? ›

There are four types of information technology security you should consider or improve upon:
  • Network Security.
  • Cloud Security.
  • Application Security.
  • Internet of Things Security.
3 Feb 2022

Which cloud is best for privacy? ›

5 Best Private Cloud Storage Services
  • NETDepot – Best Data Security and Storage. ...
  • IDrive – Private Cloud Storage. ...
  • Google Drive – Collaborative Cloud Storage. ...
  • Microsoft OneDrive – Integrated Cloud Storage. ...
  • Zoolz – Large Cloud Storage. ...
  • Stick With the Best Private Cloud Storage to Avoid Hassle.

Which cloud is best and why? ›

Amazon Web's cloud-computing services can be considered the best cloud platform. Amazon Web has different types of cloud computing, which can be suitable for any business. Considering their quality of service and virtual machines, Amazon Web can serve your needs if you are looking for cloud providers.

Which is best cloud security or cyber security? ›

Now, if you like hacking, explaining bugs and making the world more secure, then cyber security is well versed for you, if you're looking for something more associated with data rather than its security, then Cloud computing is your field.

What is biggest threat to security on cloud? ›

CSA's top cloud security threats
  • Insufficient identity, credential, access and key management. ...
  • Insecure interfaces and APIs. ...
  • Misconfiguration and inadequate change control. ...
  • Lack of cloud security architecture and strategy. ...
  • Insecure software development. ...
  • Unsecure third-party resources. ...
  • System vulnerabilities.
4 Jul 2022

Is cloud computing secure enough? ›

Even with these risks, cloud computing is often more secure than on-premise computing. Most cloud providers have more resources for keeping data secure than individual businesses do, which lets cloud providers keep infrastructure up to date and patch vulnerabilities as soon as possible.

Which is the most secure system? ›

What Is the Most Secure OS? 5 Secure PC Operating Systems to Consider
  1. Qubes OS. Qubes OS is an open-source, privacy-focused Linux distro that aims to provide security by isolation. ...
  2. macOS Monterey. ...
  3. Windows 11. ...
  4. OpenBSD. ...
  5. Whonix.
10 Sept 2022

Is AWS good for cybersecurity? ›

The AWS Partner community has deep expertise in all phases of cybersecurity and can help make your data safer.

Is Azure the most secure? ›

Providing you are always sensible about password use and storage, Azure is one of the most secure working environments that organisations could use for software, data storage and numerous other uses.

Should I go for AWS or Azure? ›

If you are planning to choose between Azure and AWS in terms of career, you can consider a few points. According to the data, AWS professionals, on average, earn ₹6.3 lakhs per year, whereas Azure professionals earn around ₹6.1 Lakhs per year.

Does Azure provide security? ›

Protect data, apps, and infrastructure quickly with built-in security services in Azure that include unparalleled security intelligence to help identify rapidly evolving threats early—so you can respond quickly. Implement a layered, defense in-depth strategy across identity, data, hosts, and networks.

Is AWS security Difficult? ›

AWS Certified Security Specialty is not an easy certification but it certainly adds value to your skillset. If you are an AWS practitioner that needs to focus on security then this is an excellent certification to get. Combining all these can be the key to earning the AWS Certified Security Specialty certification.

Is cloud security easy to learn? ›

In this scenario, many people have become interested in learning about cloud computing and starting a career in the field of cloud computing. So now people ask the question – “Is cloud computing difficult to learn?” The short and simple answer to this question is that yes, cloud computing is very difficult to learn.

Which language is best for Azure? ›

Most people would say that the best programming language for Azure is Node. js because it is a very easy-to-learn and powerful language. However, C# is also a better choice to learn if you want to have a career in enterprise development.

Which OS is most secure? ›

What Is the Most Secure OS? 5 Secure PC Operating Systems to Consider
  • Qubes OS. Qubes OS is an open-source, privacy-focused Linux distro that aims to provide security by isolation. ...
  • macOS Monterey. ...
  • Windows 11. ...
  • OpenBSD. ...
  • Whonix.
10 Sept 2022

Can Azure be hacked? ›

In addition, cloud-based infrastructure is believed to be more resistant to failures and external attacks. But the bitter truth is that even the most popular hybrid cloud services, including Azure and AWS, can be hacked.

Which cloud is easiest to learn? ›

Why learn AWS? AWS Certifications are the most sought after in the cloud industry. There is more demand on AWS skills when compared to other Cloud Platforms. AWS is easier to learn if you have no prior Cloud experience as there are more learning materials (blogs, eBooks, video tutorials) that you could find online.

Which cloud is better for career? ›

If you're wondering which Cloud Certification to choose, the AWS Certified Solutions Architect is a solid choice. Of all the cloud computing platforms out there, AWS accounts for more than 30% of the market. As such, obtaining this certification can do wonders for your Solutions Architect career and your interviews.

Is GCP secure? ›

GCP implements comprehensive security measures to ensure and maintain the security of its infrastructure, including automated encryption, secure data disposal, secure Internet communication, and secure service deployment.

Does Azure security require coding? ›

If you want to make apps in Azure, you need to know how to write code in languages like JavaScript, SQL Web Server, and HTML5. Understanding cloud computing is an outright must! You must have an understanding of just how databases, servers, networks, and networking all operate in a cloud setting.

What are Azure security tools? ›

Azure Security Tools – A Comprehensive List
  • Azure Active Directory.
  • Azure AD identity protection.
  • Azure AD Privileged Identity Management.
  • Network Security.
  • Resource management security.
  • Encryption for data at rest.
  • Configure application security.


1. SEC510 Multicloud Security Assessment and Defense
(SANS Cloud Security)
2. Quick Wins in Cloud Compliance: GCP
(SANS Cloud Security)
3. Defending Public Cloud for Enterprise Tricks and Tips!
(SANS Cloud Security)
4. SEC510: Multicloud Security Assessment and Defense | SANS@MIC Talk
(SANS Institute)
5. Multicloud Security is Inevitable: Fact or Fiction
(SANS Cloud Security)
6. HITC Ep12: Are Snapshots of Cloud Virtual Hard Drives Forensically Valid?
(SANS Cloud Security)
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